Create your own Pi-hole in 10 commands

2 minutos

Ease pi hole

It’s really easy to create a DNS server that filters out malicious ads and links. The most popular option is to turn to Pi-Hole, but you will see for yourself that it is far from necessary. This tool requires some maintenance effort and increases the chances of being compromised by having a web environment open to the outside world.

With just a server, VPS or Raspberry Pi, and 10 commands we will have our own DNS filter running with fantastic performance.

Shall we start?

1 Download Maza Ad Blocking.

curl -o maza https://raw.githubusercontent.com/tanrax/maza-ad-blocking/master/maza

2 Grants Maza enforcement permissions.

chmod +x maza

3 Move Maza to the /usr/local/bin folder.

sudo mv maza /usr/local/bin

4 Starts Maza

sudo maza start

5 Open the file to configure the Cron tasks.

crontab -e

And add the following line so that the list of addresses to block is updated daily.

@daily maza update

6 Update your package manager.

Example with Debian/Ubuntu.

sudo apt update

7 Install a DNS server.

sudo apt install dnsmasq

8 Open the DNS server configuration.

sudo nano /etc/dnsmasq.conf

And add the following content at the end.

no-resolv
server=1.1.1.1.1
server=1.0.0.1
conf-file=/home/user/.maza/dnsmasq.conf

Change user to the name of the user where you started Maza.

In the example I use Cloudflare’s DNS. Feel free to change them to the ones you like.

9 Raise the DNS server.

sudo systemctl start dnsmasq

10 Configure to raise the DNS server at startup.

sudo systemctl enable dnsmasq

And that’s it!

Last notes

If you are behind a firewall, you will not need to open port 53 on both TCP and UDP.

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT

And, of course, don’t forget to tell your operating system to use the IP of the server, or VPS, to resolve the DNS.

If you want more information I recommend you to check my [Maza Ad blocking] repository (https://github.com/tanrax/maza-ad-blocking).

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Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Internacional.

Atribución/Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinDerivados 4.0 Internacional

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